Edible Trees To Ensure Self Sufficiency
Trees provide oxygen and are a plentiful source of food. The key to deciduous trees in the winter. You can buy them either bare rooted or as potted plants. The next part of planting these trees includes digging a hole large enough to take the roots comfortably. Fruit trees beed to have nitrogen which can be applied by nettle tea and seaweed or diluted urine.
Types of edible trees
- Apple: these trees are available in many varieties.
- Banana: Plants with evergreen foliage/ sweeter smelling flowers and edible fruit.
- Cherry: Depending on the species, ranges in size from small to medium
- Crab apple: This tree has tasty fruit on it.
- Citrus: Tropical fruits that are sensitive to any cold weather plants. Typcally includes lemon, limes, satsumas and can be brought inside for the winter.
- Fig: Small tree with leaves that reach up to 30 feet tall. The fruit matures into the mid to late summer. Birds absolutely love these trees.
- Kousa dogwood: Trees grow 20 to 30 feet tall with red fruits in mid-late summer.
- Loquat: A little evergreen tree with flowers and fruit that matures in the spring.
- Pawpaw: Native to north america this tree has fruit with a custard texture.
- Peach: Fruit trees that need absolute drainage the nuts mature int eh late fall.
- Pear: Large tree with spring blooms.
- Persimmon: The small tree in both native and Asian varieties.
- Plum:These small trees bear fruit in midsummer and even the spring blooms can be ingested.
- Quince: Old world fruit shrub with a fruit that is great for jelly.
- Shadbush/Serviceberry: Shrubs or small trees with attractive gray bark.
- Walnut: Large shade tree that takes seven years to produce. It only produces for 100 years.
- Olive trees: used to make olive oil and the fruit itself is edible.
Hardiness Zones and Planting
You have to then consider the hardiness zone or rather the area of the country where you will be planting these trees. The US Department of Agriculture has placed the country into various plant hardiness zones. The maps of gradations show not only the minimum amount of temperature, but the level of positive reactions for various trees. Once you have decided what zone you are located in then it is important to consider the many aspects associated with it.
Many fruit trees need to be cross pollinated in order to produce. The honey bee is the most important pollinator. The honeybee is the most important carrier of pollen. Experts suggest haveing a single hive per orchard in most mature orchards.Remember make sure before you purchase and plant the trees you have considered cross pollination. That is when pollination comes into play. Fruit trees need pollination to bear any fruit. Creating your home orchard needs to have fruit trees that are plentiful and pollinated. Pollination means moving pollen from the statements to the stigma of a color, and plains is the source of the pollen.
Planting your own fruit and nut trees will provide you with your own orchard of pick your own fruits and nuts. These fruits will last all season long providing you and your family with jam, fruit, and nuts. Homesteading is a lifestyle of self sufficient and having your own orchard is the first step to affording this. Planting edible trees is a delicate balancing act, but the first step is knowing where you are and what grows there.